Role Of Criminal Attorney In Defense Proceedings And Criminal Cases
Penal law or criminal law is the body of law that relates to punishment and crime. A crime is an act or omission of an act in violation of a public law commanding or forbidding it. Criminal law regulated the behavior and social conduct of individuals and proscribes whatever is harmful, threatening, or otherwise endangering to the safety, healthy and moral welfare of others and the property.
Criminal law involves prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been marked as a crime. Criminal law includes the sentence on people who violate the laws by fine, imprisonment, forfeiture of property, etc.
Criminal attorney is also known as criminal defense lawyer who specializes in the defense of companies and individuals who are charged with any criminal activity. Most of them work in a firm or have their private practice. Some work for NGOs or even for the government as public defenders. A public defender is the one who has been appointed by the court to represent defendants who are unable to afford a lawyer. Criminal attorneys handle a broad range of criminal cases, varying from domestic violence crimes, violent crimes, sex crimes, theft, drug crimes, fraud, embezzlement and several other crimes. Such lawyers serve as both an advocate and advisor for their clients. Helena Vigilante – Criminal Prosecutors represent the defendants or accused facing criminal charges in the trial courts and in the appellate courts.
The scope of attorney includes trail, bail hearings, revocation hearings, post-conviction and appeal remedies. It includes plea bargaining as well on behalf of the accused. The work of a criminal attorney includes studying the case comprehensively, researching the case law, statutes as well as procedural law. The lawyer is required to build a strong defense and also develop a case strategy. He also has to draft, file as well as argue on behalf of the accused.
The criminal prosecutors are responsible for bringing a case against an accused person in a criminal trial. The burden of proof primarily rests on the prosecutor, which must prove that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This is because a criminal defendant is always taken as innocent until proven guilty. So, in brief the roles and responsibilities of a criminal attorney includes meeting with their clients, examining complainants or witnesses, interacting with the police and public prosecutor, researching the case and appearing the in court on behalf of their clients.